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The effect of carbon disulphide and atherogenic diet on the development of atherosclerotic changes in rabbits

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      Abstract

      The influence of chronic CS2 intoxication on lipid spectrum in the aorta and blood and on the grade of atheromatosis of the aorta and coronary vessels was studied in rabbits with experimentally induced prolonged hyperlipemia. Rabbits fed on standard laboratory chow served as controls.
      The following biochemical and morphological alterations due to the atherogenic diet alone and those due to hyperlipemia with parallel CS2 exposure were demonstrated respectively: (a) in blood — an approximate 4- and 5-fold elevation of the total (both free and esterified) serum cholesterol with a simultaneous rise in phospholipid and triglyceride (atherogenic diet alone) fractions; (b) in the aortic arch — a 40 and 100% increase in total cholesterol with a 5- and 10-fold rise in the level of cholesterol esters and an approximately uniform 100% increase in the triglyceride fraction; (c) gross atheromatosis of the aorta and histological coronary lesions, both markedly enhanced as a result of chronic CS2 intoxication.
      Evidence was presented of an enhanced susceptibility of the arterial wall to the atherogenic diet under the influence of chronic CS2 intoxication with special reference to the individual regional susceptibility of arterial coronary vessels.

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