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Regression of naturally occurring atherosclerotic lesions in pigeon aorta by intestinal bypass surgery

Early changes in arterial cholesteryl ester metabolim
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      Abstract

      Early changes in cholesteryl ester metabolism of the aorta during the regression of naturally occurring atherosclerotic lesions in pigeon aorta by ileal bypass surgery were examined. Three months after surgery, there was a decrease (50%) in the content of cholesteryl esters in the aorta. Increases in the activity of cholesteryl ester hydrolase in the lysosomal (P < 0.05) and the supernatant (P < 0.01) fractions of the aorta also occurred at this time. There were no differences in the activity of cholesteryl ester synthetase and in the plasma levels of cholesterol and triglycerides between the ileal bypass group and the controls. These results suggest that ileal bypass surgery decreases the level of cholesteryl esters in the aorta, probably because of enhanced cholesteryl ester hydrolysis.

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