Fatty acid and glucose incorporation into human adipose tissue in non-insulin-dependent diabetes and in insulinoma

Inverse relations with plasma triglyceride and glucose concentrations
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      Decreased fatty acid and glucose incorporation into human adipose tissue (FIAT and GLIAT) are frequently found in primary hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and might also contribute to the defective removal of lipoprotein triglyceride (TG) in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).
      To study this possible mechanism, FIAT and GLIAT were determined in needle biopsy specimens from 14 patients with newly diagnosed NIDDM and in 14 age- and weight-matched controls. A patient with insulinoma and hyperinsulinism was also studied.
      FIAT and GLIAT processes were markedly reduced in patients with NIDDM that developed at the onset of maturity. Insulinoma patients, with normal plasma TG, showed FIAT-GLIAT values in the high to normal range before operation.
      A direct, highly significant correlation (P < 0.001) was demonstrated between FIAT and GLIAT in diabetics, insulinoma and controls when considered together.
      Plasma TG and glucose concentrations were inversely related to FIAT and GLIAT. These relationships were independent of the degree of obesity.
      It is suggested that impaired FIAT and GLIAT might contribute to defective TG removal and HTG which are often demonstrated in NIDDM.


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