Effect of low density lipoprotein on DNA synthesis of cultured human arterial smooth muscle cells

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      Increased concentration of plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is one of the risk factors in atherosclerosis. We studied how DNA synthesis of human arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) was influenced in the culture added with or without small dose (25 μg of protein/ml) of LDL. LDL were ultracentrifugally obtained from normal subjects and diabetics. DNA synthesis was investigated at 6-h intervals during 36 h in the culture with or without LDL using [methyl-3H]thymidine. We found that DNA synthesis reached a maximum value at 24 h after addition of LDL. On the other hand sequential changes were not detectable in the culture without LDL addition. This effect of diabetic LDL was significantly (P < 0.001) greater than that of normal LDL. These results suggested that LDL induces synchronization of the cultured SMC to synthesize DNA and diabetic LDL may play an atherogenic role more strongly than normal LDL in the arterial wall even in the normal range of LDL concentration.


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