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Does superoxide radical have a role in macrophage-mediated oxidative modification of LDL?

  • W. Jessup
    Correspondence
    Correspondence to: W. Jessup, Cell Biology Group, Heart Research Institute, 145 Missenden Road, Camperdown, Sydney, N.S.W. 2050, Australia. Tel.: (+61)25503560; Fax: (+61)2550 3302.
    Affiliations
    Cell Biology Group, Heart Research Institute, 145 Missenden Road, Camperdown, Sydney, NS. W. 2050, Australia
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  • J.A. Simpson
    Affiliations
    Cell Biology Group, Heart Research Institute, 145 Missenden Road, Camperdown, Sydney, NS. W. 2050, Australia
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  • R.T. Dean
    Affiliations
    Cell Biology Group, Heart Research Institute, 145 Missenden Road, Camperdown, Sydney, NS. W. 2050, Australia
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      Abstract

      Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation induced by superoxide radicals generated in a cell-free system could not stimulate the subsequent development of high-uptake LDL during incubation in a medium normally permissive for cell-mediated oxidation. Similarly, LDL oxidative modification by macrophages was not accelerated when extracellular superoxide generation was increased 5–10-fold by stimulation of NADPH oxidase. The NADPH oxidase inhibitor, diphenylene iodonium, did inhibit macrophagemediated medification of LDL, but its effects do not appear to involve superoxide generation. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) was shown to be inappropriate as a test for the involvement of superoxide radicals in cell-mediated oxidation due to its metal-chelating properties and to the development of a pro-oxidant activity by heat inactivation. We conclude that there is presently no secure evidence for the involvement of superoxide radical in macrophage-mediated oxidative modification of LDL.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      DMEM (Dulbecco's Minimum Essential Medium), DMSO (dimethyl sulphoxide), DPI (diphenylene icdonium), EDTA (ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid), Gy (Grey), HBSS (Hank's balanced salts solution), LDL (low-density lipoprotein), PBS (phosphate-buffered saline without calcium and magnesium (Dulbecco A)), PMA (phorbol myristate acetate), PPACK (D-phenylalanyl-l-prolyl-l-arginine chloromethyl ketone), O2⪰ (superoxide anion radical), SOD (superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1))
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