Research report| Volume 117, ISSUE 1, P15-24, September 1995

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Hepatic apolipoprotein and LDL receptor gene expression in the genetically hypercholesterolemic (RICO) rat

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      The present study was designed to examine apolipoprotein and LDL receptor gene expression in genetically hypercholesterolemic RICO rats. In the plasma of RICO rats as compared to SW (control) rats, the hypercholesterolemia (+ 41%) was associated with a significant increase in plasma apo B (+ 23%) and apo E (+ 68%) concentrations. Study of apolipoprotein synthesis in the liver has shown that this increase in plasma apo B and apo E concentrations was not associated with modification in their synthesis and mRNA levels. Study of apo E mRNA level in various tissues has shown only the modification in adrenals in RICO as compared to SW rats (2.7-fold increase). Study of LDL binding, LDL receptor mass and LDL receptor mRNA level in the liver of RICO and SW rats has shown no significant differences between these two strains. EDTA-resistant binding of rat LDL was lower in RICO than in SW rats suggesting that binding sites others than the LDL receptor are present in lesser amount in this hypercholesterolemic strain.



      apo (apolipoprotein), HDL (high density lipoproteins), LDL (low density lipoproteins), RICO (rats with increased cholesterol), TCA (trichloracetic acid)
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