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Genotypic and phenotypic features in homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia caused by proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (pcsk9) gain-of-function mutation

      Objectives: Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by hypercholesterolemia, tendon xanthomas, and premature coronary heart disease. FH is caused by mutations of “FH genes,” which include the LDL-receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B-100 (APOB) or proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9). We evaluated the usefulness of FH gene analysis for diagnosing homozygous FH (homo-FH), particularly in cases caused by gain-of-function (g-o-f) mutations in PCSK9 (PCSK9 E32K).
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