Advertisement

Coronary artery calcium score to guide hypertension therapy!

      Hypertension is the most prevalent non-communicable disease, estimated to affect 1.13 billion individuals nowadays. It is the leading preventable cause of mortality worldwide and a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, heart failure, stroke and chronic renal diseases in developed and developing countries [
      • Hsu C.Y.
      • McCulloch C.E.
      • Darbinian J.
      • Go A.S.
      • Iribarren C.
      Elevated blood pressure and risk of end-stage renal disease in subjects without baseline kidney disease.
      ,
      • Ahmed A.M.
      • Hersi A.
      • Mashhoud W.
      • Arafah M.R.
      • Abreu P.C.
      • Al Rowaily M.A.
      • Al-Mallah M.H.
      Cardiovascular risk factors burden in Saudi Arabia: the Africa Middle East cardiovascular epidemiological (ACE) study.
      ]. Worldwide, the aging population, decreased fitness and obesity epidemic have contributed to the increased prevalence of hypertension [
      • Juraschek S.P.
      • Blaha M.J.
      • Whelton S.P.
      • Blumenthal R.
      • Jones S.R.
      • Keteyian S.J.
      • Schairer J.
      • Brawner C.A.
      • Al-Mallah M.H.
      Physical fitness and hypertension in a population at risk for cardiovascular disease: the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project.
      ]. Given that, it poses a significant health and economic challenge to both developed and developing countries [
      • Ahmed A.M.
      • Hersi A.
      • Mashhoud W.
      • Arafah M.R.
      • Abreu P.C.
      • Al Rowaily M.A.
      • Al-Mallah M.H.
      Cardiovascular risk factors burden in Saudi Arabia: the Africa Middle East cardiovascular epidemiological (ACE) study.
      ].

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Atherosclerosis
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Hsu C.Y.
        • McCulloch C.E.
        • Darbinian J.
        • Go A.S.
        • Iribarren C.
        Elevated blood pressure and risk of end-stage renal disease in subjects without baseline kidney disease.
        Arch. Intern. Med. 2005; 165: 923-928
        • Ahmed A.M.
        • Hersi A.
        • Mashhoud W.
        • Arafah M.R.
        • Abreu P.C.
        • Al Rowaily M.A.
        • Al-Mallah M.H.
        Cardiovascular risk factors burden in Saudi Arabia: the Africa Middle East cardiovascular epidemiological (ACE) study.
        J Saudi Heart Assoc. 2017; 29: 235-243
        • Juraschek S.P.
        • Blaha M.J.
        • Whelton S.P.
        • Blumenthal R.
        • Jones S.R.
        • Keteyian S.J.
        • Schairer J.
        • Brawner C.A.
        • Al-Mallah M.H.
        Physical fitness and hypertension in a population at risk for cardiovascular disease: the Henry Ford ExercIse Testing (FIT) Project.
        J Am Heart Assoc. 2014; 3e001268
        • Whelton P.K.
        • Carey R.M.
        • Aronow W.S.
        • Casey Jr., D.E.
        • Collins K.J.
        • Dennison Himmelfarb C.
        • DePalma S.M.
        • Gidding S.
        • Jamerson K.A.
        • Jones D.W.
        • MacLaughlin E.J.
        • Muntner P.
        • Ovbiagele B.
        • Smith Jr., S.C.
        • Spencer C.C.
        • Stafford R.S.
        • Taler S.J.
        • Thomas R.J.
        • Williams Sr., K.A.
        • Williamson J.D.
        • Wright Jr., J.T.
        ACC/aha/aapa/abc/acpm/ags/APhA/ash/aspc/nma/pcna guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American college of cardiology/American heart association task force on clinical practice guidelines.
        J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2017; 71 (2018): e127-e248
        • Williams B.
        • Mancia G.
        • Spiering W.
        • Agabiti Rosei E.
        • Azizi M.
        • Burnier M.
        • Clement D.L.
        • Coca A.
        • de Simone G.
        • Dominiczak A.
        • Kahan T.
        • Mahfoud F.
        • Redon J.
        • Ruilope L.
        • Zanchetti A.
        • Kerins M.
        • Kjeldsen S.E.
        • Kreutz R.
        • Laurent S.
        • Lip G.Y.H.
        • McManus R.
        • Narkiewicz K.
        • Ruschitzka F.
        • Schmieder R.E.
        • Shlyakhto E.
        • Tsioufis C.
        • Aboyans V.
        • Desormais I.
        • Group E.S.C.S.D.
        ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension.
        Eur. Heart J. 2018; 39 (2018): 3021-3104
        • Forouzanfar M.H.
        • Liu P.
        • Roth G.A.
        • Ng M.
        • Biryukov S.
        • Marczak L.
        • Alexander L.
        • Estep K.
        • Hassen Abate K.
        • Akinyemiju T.F.
        • Ali R.
        • Alvis-Guzman N.
        • Azzopardi P.
        • Banerjee A.
        • Barnighausen T.
        • Basu A.
        • Bekele T.
        • Bennett D.A.
        • Biadgilign S.
        • Catala-Lopez F.
        • Feigin V.L.
        • Fernandes J.C.
        • Fischer F.
        • Gebru A.A.
        • Gona P.
        • Gupta R.
        • Hankey G.J.
        • Jonas J.B.
        • Judd S.E.
        • Khang Y.H.
        • Khosravi A.
        • Kim Y.J.
        • Kimokoti R.W.
        • Kokubo Y.
        • Kolte D.
        • Lopez A.
        • Lotufo P.A.
        • Malekzadeh R.
        • Melaku Y.A.
        • Mensah G.A.
        • Misganaw A.
        • Mokdad A.H.
        • Moran A.E.
        • Nawaz H.
        • Neal B.
        • Ngalesoni F.N.
        • Ohkubo T.
        • Pourmalek F.
        • Rafay A.
        • Rai R.K.
        • Rojas-Rueda D.
        • Sampson U.K.
        • Santos I.S.
        • Sawhney M.
        • Schutte A.E.
        • Sepanlou S.G.
        • Shifa G.T.
        • Shiue I.
        • Tedla B.A.
        • Thrift A.G.
        • Tonelli M.
        • Truelsen T.
        • Tsilimparis N.
        • Ukwaja K.N.
        • Uthman O.A.
        • Vasankari T.
        • Venketasubramanian N.
        • Vlassov V.V.
        • Vos T.
        • Westerman R.
        • Yan L.L.
        • Yano Y.
        • Yonemoto N.
        • Zaki M.E.
        • Murray C.J.
        Global burden of hypertension and systolic blood pressure of at least 110 to 115 mm Hg, 1990-2015.
        J. Am. Med. Assoc. 2017; 317: 165-182
        • Group T.S.R.
        A randomized trial of intensive versus standard blood-pressure control.
        N. Engl. J. Med. 2015; 373: 2103-2116
        • Phillips R.A.
        • Xu J.
        • Peterson L.E.
        • Arnold R.M.
        • Diamond J.A.
        • Schussheim A.E.
        Impact of Cardiovascular Risk on the Relative Benefit and Harm of Intensive Treatment of Hypertension.
        2018: 24694
        • Silverman M.G.
        • Harkness J.R.
        • Blankstein R.
        • Budoff M.J.
        • Agatston A.S.
        • Carr J.J.
        • Lima J.A.
        • Blumenthal R.S.
        • Nasir K.
        • Blaha M.J.
        Baseline subclinical atherosclerosis burden and distribution are associated with frequency and mode of future coronary revascularization.
        Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. 2014; 7: 476-486
        • Al-Mallah M.H.
        • Aljizeeri A.
        • Villines T.C.
        • Srichai M.B.
        • Alsaileek A.
        Cardiac computed tomography in current cardiology guidelines.
        J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2015; 9: 514-523
        • Al-Mallah M.H.
        • Aljizeeri A.
        • Alharthi M.
        • Alsaileek A.
        Routine low-radiation-dose coronary computed tomography angiography.
        Eur. Heart J. Suppl. 2014; 16: B12-B16
        • Grundy S.M.
        • Stone N.J.
        • Bailey A.L.
        • Beam C.
        • Birtcher K.K.
        • Blumenthal R.S.
        • Braun L.T.
        • de Ferranti S.
        • Faiella-Tommasino J.
        • Forman D.E.
        • Goldberg R.
        • Heidenreich P.A.
        • Hlatky M.A.
        • Jones D.W.
        • Lloyd-Jones D.
        • Lopez-Pajares N.
        • Ndumele C.E.
        • Orringer C.E.
        • Peralta C.A.
        • Saseen J.J.
        • Smith Jr., S.C.
        • Sperling L.
        • Virani S.S.
        • Yeboah J.
        AHA/acc/aacvpr/aapa/abc/acpm/ada/ags/APhA/aspc/nla/pcna guideline on the management of blood cholesterol: a report of the American college of cardiology/American heart association task force on clinical practice guidelines.
        J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2018; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.11.003
        • Al-Mallah M.H.
        Coronary artery calcium scoring: do we need more prognostic data prior to adoption in clinical practice?.
        JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018; 11: 1807-1809
        • Greenland P.
        • Blaha M.J.
        • Budoff M.J.
        • Erbel R.
        • Watson K.E.
        Coronary calcium score and cardiovascular risk.
        J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2018; 72: 434-447
        • Jeonggyu Kang Y.C.
        • Kim Seolhye
        • Sung Ki-Chul
        • Shin Hocheol
        • Ryu Seungho
        Increased burden of coronary artery calcium from elevated blood pressure stage in low-risk young adults.
        Atherosclerosis. 2019; 282: 188-195
        • Yano Y.
        • Reis J.P.
        • Colangelo L.A.
        • Shimbo D.
        • Viera A.J.
        • Allen N.B.
        • Gidding S.S.
        • Bress A.P.
        • Greenland P.
        • Muntner P.
        • Lloyd-Jones D.M.
        Association of blood pressure classification in young adults using the 2017 American college of cardiology/American heart association blood pressure guideline with cardiovascular events later in life.
        J. Am. Med. Assoc. 2018; 320: 1774-1782
        • Son J.S.
        • Choi S.
        • Kim K.
        • Kim S.M.
        • Choi D.
        • Lee G.
        • Jeong S.M.
        • Park S.Y.
        • Kim Y.Y.
        • Yun J.M.
        • Park S.M.
        Association of blood pressure classification in Korean young adults according to the 2017 American college of cardiology/American heart association guidelines with subsequent cardiovascular disease events.
        J. Am. Med. Assoc. 2018; 320: 1783-1792
        • Blaha M.J.
        • Whelton S.P.
        • Al Rifai M.
        • Dardari Z.A.
        • Shaw L.J.
        • Al-Mallah M.H.
        • Matsushita K.
        • Rumberger J.A.
        • Berman D.S.
        • Budoff M.J.
        • Miedema M.D.
        • Nasir K.
        Rationale and design of the coronary artery calcium consortium: a multicenter cohort study.
        J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 2017; 11: 54-61
        • Uddin S.M.I.
        • Mirbolouk M.
        • Kianoush S.
        • Orimoloye O.A.
        • Dardari Z.
        • Graham G.
        • Whelton S.P.
        • Miedema M.D.
        • Nasir K.
        • Rumberger J.
        • Shaw L.J.
        • Berman D.S.
        • Budoff M.J.
        • McEvoy J.W.
        • Matsushita K.
        • Blaha M.J.
        Abstract 16653: coronary artery calcium, SPRINT eligibility and role of risk prediction for intensive blood pressure therapy: the coronary artery calcium consortium.
        Circulation. 2018; 138 (A16653-A16653)
        • Mitchell J.D.
        • Fergestrom N.
        • Gage B.F.
        • Paisley R.
        • Moon P.
        • Novak E.
        • Cheezum M.
        • Shaw L.J.
        • Villines T.C.
        Impact of statins on cardiovascular outcomes following coronary artery calcium scoring.
        J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2018; 72: 3233-3242

      Linked Article