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Impact of psychological status on cardiovascular diseases: Is it time for upgrading risk score charts?

  • Pietro Scicchitano
    Correspondence
    Cardiology Section, Hospital “F. Perinei” ASL BA, Altamura, SS 96 Altamura-Gravina Km 73.800, 70022, Bari, Italy.
    Affiliations
    Hospital “F. Perinei” ASL BA, Altamura, Bari, Italy
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      The global burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) still represents a challenging issue. Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019 estimated a 2-fold increase in CVDs prevalence and about 50% increase in the overall CVD deaths worldwide from 1990 to 2019 [
      • Roth G.A.
      • Mensah G.A.
      • Johnson C.O.
      • Addolorato G.
      • Ammirati E.
      • Baddour L.M.
      • Barengo N.C.
      • Beaton A.Z.
      • Benjamin E.J.
      • Benziger C.P.
      • Bonny A.
      • Brauer M.
      • Brodmann M.
      • Cahill T.J.
      • Carapetis J.
      • Catapano A.L.
      • Chugh S.S.
      • Cooper L.T.
      • Coresh J.
      • Criqui M.
      • DeCleene N.
      • Eagle K.A.
      • Emmons-Bell S.
      • Feigin V.L.
      • Fernández-Solà J.
      • Fowkes G.
      • Gakidou E.
      • Grundy S.M.
      • He F.J.
      • Howard G.
      • Hu F.
      • Inker L.
      • Karthikeyan G.
      • Kassebaum N.
      • Koroshetz W.
      • Lavie C.
      • Lloyd-Jones D.
      • Lu H.S.
      • Mirijello A.
      • Temesgen A.M.
      • Mokdad A.
      • Moran A.E.
      • Muntner P.
      • Narula J.
      • Neal B.
      • Ntsekhe M.
      • Moraes de Oliveira G.
      • Otto C.
      • Owolabi M.
      • Pratt M.
      • Rajagopalan S.
      • Reitsma M.
      • Ribeiro A.L.P.
      • Rigotti N.
      • Rodgers A.
      • Sable C.
      • Shakil S.
      • Sliwa-Hahnle K.
      • Stark B.
      • Sundström J.
      • Timpel P.
      • Tleyjeh I.M.
      • Valgimigli M.
      • Vos T.
      • Whelton P.K.
      • Yacoub M.
      • Zuhlke L.
      • Murray C.
      • Fuster V.
      GBD-NHLBI-JACC Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases Writing Group
      Global burden of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors, 1990-2019: update from the GBD 2019 study.
      ].

      Keywords

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