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Quantification of human plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP): relationship between PLTP mass and phospholipid transfer activity

      Abstract

      A sensitive sandwich-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for human plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) has been developed using a monoclonal capture antibody and a polyclonal detection antibody. The ELISA allows for the accurate quantification of PLTP in the range of 25–250 ng PLTP/assay. Using the ELISA, the mean plasma PLTP concentration in a Finnish population sample (n=159) was determined to be 15.6±5.1 mg/l, the values ranging from 2.30 to 33.4 mg/l. PLTP mass correlated positively with HDL-cholesterol (r=0.36, P<0.001), apoA-I (r=0.37, P<0.001), apoA-II (r=0.20, P<0.05), Lp(A-I) (r=0.26, P=0.001) and Lp(A-I/A-II) particles (r=0.34, P<0.001), and negatively with body mass index (BMI) (r=−0.28, P<0.001) and serum triacylglycerol (TG) concentration (r=−0.34, P<0.001). PLTP mass did not correlate with phospholipid transfer activity as measured with a radiometric assay. The specific activity of PLTP, i.e. phospholipid transfer activity divided by PLTP mass, correlated positively with plasma TG concentration (r=0.568, P<0.001), BMI (r=0.45, P<0.001), apoB (r=0.45, P<0.001), total cholesterol (r=0.42, P<0.001), LDL-cholesterol (r=0.34, P<0.001) and age (r=0.36, P<0.001), and negatively with HDL-cholesterol (r=−0.33, P<0.001), Lp(A-I) (r=−0.21, P<0.01) as well as Lp(A-I/A-II) particles (r=−0.32, P<0.001). When both PLTP mass and phospholipid transfer activity were adjusted for plasma TG concentration, a significant positive correlation was revealed (partial correlation, r=0.31, P<0.001). The results suggest that PLTP mass and phospholipid transfer activity are strongly modulated by plasma lipoprotein composition: PLTP mass correlates positively with parameters reflecting plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, but the protein appears to be most active in subjects displaying high TG concentration.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      BMI, body mass index (), CETP, cholesteryl ester transfer protein (), HDL, high density lipoprotein (), HL, hepatic lipase (), mAb, monoclonal antibody (), PL, phospholipid (), PLTP, phospholipid transfer protein (), SDS–PAGE, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (), TG, triacylglycerol ()
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